The following page is reserved for anyone who would love to share thoughts or insights on any of the information presented on this site or in the interviews that were done. It is asked that those choosing to share please do so with respect (i.e. no name-calling, no foul language, etc.) since the goal of the forum is to allow others to create dialogue on the subject of this project. A safe space for having thoughts heard is crucial for the development of thought. That said, it is hoped that others would choose to share openly and freely whatever is on your heart!
If anyone would like to discover more on what it looks like to do activism from Afro-Latino perspectives or a Christian perspective as MLK saw it, what follows are resources that were utilized throughout the duration of this project.
Boricuas: Influential Puerto Rican Writings – An Anthology (by Robert Santiago)
Mañana: Christian Theology from a Hispanic Perspective (by Justo L. González)
As an aside, “Manana: Christian Theology from a Hispanic Perspective” by Dr. Justo González, considered the most prominent Hispanic theologian of the 20th century (and someone who translated for MLK when MLK came to Puerto Rico in 1962) – grew up in Cuba and lived alongside Catholics while later becoming Methodist but also works with Catholics. The work is significant since it notes the ways that Hispanics have a unique experience with Christianity in their history and social development. This history has As noted in his book with regards to why Latino experiences with religion are so unique “, We are descendants of two great mystical traditions: the pre-Reformation evangelically renewed Iberian and the Native American. Both were quite different from Reformation and Counter Reformation European Christianity”…(more at Justo González | Theological Graffiti – Digital Etchings )
From Bomba to Hip Hop: Puerto Rican Culture and Latino Identity (by Juan Flores)
Border Matters by Jose David Saldivar
Symbols, the News Magazines, and Martin Luther King By Richard Lentz
Documentaries and other investigative sites to look into on the issue:
Regarding some of the issues that interviewed participants for my project discussed on the complexities of immigration, something to keep in mind is that many in the nation are voicing why they have felt very much dismissed and are asking to be heard. There are many aspects about family that are forgotten when it comes to history with immigration and who’s illegal. Many called “illegal” actually were U.S Citizens once before they were illegally deported. In the 1930s, to help with the Depression, thousands of Mexican American citizens were deported without warrant – never to see their families ever again.
This has become even more complicated due to issues of culture which get left out because people have pitted cultures against one another that have often had solidarity in experiences. In example, for all Afro-Latinos who grew up with a diverse heritage having to identify with both African Americans and Hispanics, many have noted that there’s a reason you don’t hear about #LatinoLivesMatter as much as #BlackLivesMatter when both communities are impacted by shared issues (http://blacklivesmatter.com/11-major-misconceptions-about-the-black-lives-matter-movement/ ). Being Black isn’t the opposite of being Latino AUTOMATICALLY when it comes to experiences and that is a massive gap that’s hard to cross for many. And from what occurred with Antonio Zambrano-Montes in Washington (http://www.takepart.com/article/2015/03/28/why-you-probably-havent-heard-about-latino-lives-matter-movement ) or Anastasio Hernández Rojas tasered/ choked to death by multiple police officers (http://www.democracynow.org/2012/4/24/death_on_the_border_shocking_video) and many others, it’s unfortunate.
Finally, what follows in this resource concerns the Indigenous Tribes of the West Indies and North Hemisphere who are often called Hispanic (something that was brought up in discussion during the interviews from previous pages with the differing Latino individuals and groups interviewed for this project. These are maps from Aaron Carapella (Native American) and have been very helpful in my research. One of my graduate classes within American Studies (from Summer 2014) with Dr. Jaime Ortiz had us do differing presentations and I shared on African History in Puerto-Rico at one point – with some of the maps I saw coming in handy in showing the extensiveness in how Afro-Caribbean/Afro-Hispanic heritage for many in Puerto Rico or Cuba was interconnected with their experiences with Indigenous Tribal groups as a part of their heritage like Taino People and others.
As noted in one of of the books González made, “Our Christianity as expressed through the blend of our Iberian and Native American heritage is our identity and name. We can go to any church we choose to go to, but we should not be asked to change our name ad destroy our identity in order to be accepted. Being reborn in Christ certainly transforms us from within, but it does not destroy us. We do not cease being Black, Chicano, Cuban-exile, or Puerto Rican, nor do we cease liking tamales or astelitos, cumbias or polkitas, nor do we forget our history or the road we have traveled, or give up the treasures of our heritage.”
(more shared here
The way that Christianity has expressed itself in Latin American countries is deeply tied to identity politics and seeing the diverse history can help in bridging that gap with understanding how to do cross-cultural activism from a religious perspective with Latino/Hispanic culture.
Thoughts are always welcome for others wishing to share more.